According to the IOM international labour migration is defined as the movement of people from one country to another for the purpose of employment. Today, an estimated 105 million persons are working in a country other than their country of birth. Labour mobility has become a key feature of globalization and the global economy with migrant workers earning US$ 440 billion in 2011, and the World Bank estimating that more than $350 billion of that total was transferred to developing countries in the form of remittances. However, despite the efforts made to ensure the protection of migrant workers, many remain vulnerable and assume significant risks during the migration process.
When properly managed, labour migration has far-reaching potential for the migrants, their communities, the countries of origin and destination, and for employers. While job creation in the home country is the preferred option, demographic, social and economic factors are increasingly the drivers of migration. As a result, a growing number of both sending and receiving countries view international labour migration as an integral part of their national development and employment strategies. On one hand, countries of origin benefit from labour migration because it relieves unemployment pressures and contributes to development through remittances, knowledge transfer, and the creation of business and trade networks. On the other hand, for destination countries facing labour shortages, orderly and well-managed labour migration can lighten labour scarcity and facilitate mobility.
INGRED as a business incubator is an organization that helps startup companies and individual entrepreneurs to develop their businesses by providing a fullscale range of services included paralegal administrative services and recruitment of the right staff.
To support it's "raison d'être" being in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goal nr 8 about creating "decent work and economic growth" the services offered in matters of business management, Human Resources (included Headhunting services) and administrative services are the source of funding of INGRED's global operations.
For Diplomatic Missions (Embassies and Consulates) based in Brussels we offer consulting services in matters of the functioning of the European Institutions and how to engage with them.
INGRED, with Belgium registration 0731.561.528, generated out of the former GGF structure, a public-interest association created in 2011, an European think tank, with focus on geopolitical and strategic issues. The services provided by the INGRED structure are supervised by a team of external advisors.
INGRED activities can be divided into nine fields:
* research on geopolitical issues;
* support with nation strategic development planning;
* Int. relationship building with the Global Institutions;
* advisory consulting services & impartial monitoring;
* safeguarding migration mechanisms, included international refugee's;
* building International "bridges" across borders;
* technical support for development projects;
* support for agri-food, water safety & housing projects;
* advice with focus on creating work and economic growth;
INGRED is a registered advisor at the EU transparency register and service provider to international organisations and national governments.
A Water Processing Agreement combined with a build
operate-transfer system (WPA/BOT)- the perfect
solution to finance desalination projects in developing
Similar to a Power Purchase Agreement or PPA, a WPA or
"Water Processing Agreement" is a financing vehicle that
allows Engineering company's to fully construct and
operate water reclamation systems such as for example
desalination plants at no upfront capital expenditures
or development risks to it's consumers. Combining it with
a build operate-transfer or BOT system, it's a perfect
operating modul for implementing energy and clean water
projects in developing countries. It makes such projects
feasible for funding purposes and depending on the regional
implementation a political risk insurance policy could cover
any loose ends.
Depending on the regional situation , and local partnerships with water distribution suppliers everything about the WPA/BOT is adaptable, making sure thats its clearly defined in the agreements who assumes responsibility for maintenance and operational responsibilities as well as all permitting requirements, construction risk and performance liabilities. Drinkable water produced by the project will be used to pay the cost of the facility over time; meanwhile, the end-users will receive affordable water at the start of the operations. The WPA/BOT agreement is highly flexible and could be tailored to satisfy all stakeholders criteria.
I've written this short article only as an introduction to the concept of a "WPA/BOT" construct what could offer practical solutions to many countries around the world in search of funding solutions for rather highly costly investment projects. The impartial operating specialists from INGRED are happy to assist all stakeholders involved to support these type of projects, from initiation till transfer of the operations, ensuring all specific conditions of such WPA/BOT construct are met to satisfy all stakeholders. This article published by Dr. Alex P.M. Pasmans on Linkedin is based on research for the finance of large renewable energy and water desilation projects. As the initial large desilation projects benefit rather wealthy countries as the US, Europe, China and Saoedi Arabia, it's our aim to make seawater desaliantion projects available all over our planet, starting with those populations who need it the most, as for example in the Horn of Africa. Contact us for more information and how to proceed. www.desalinationprojects.org